Timna Sites 

Timna Valley was formed tens of millions of years ago, as a result of tectonic activity and as part of the Syrian African rift. Timna Park opens an exclusive and extraordinary "geological window", which reveals spectacular rock formations, some of which have become symbols identified with Israel in general and with the Arava in particular.

The Mushroom 

One of the favorite attractions in Timna Park is the Mushroom - a large mushroom-cap shaped  rock sitting on a rock in the shape of a narrow cylinder. Mushroom-shaped rocks are typical examples of sandstone weathering. During the Egyptian period of activity in Timna, a copper extraction site operated in the Mushroom Valley, where the copper produced in Timna was smelted. The ores mined at the foot of the Timna cliffs as well as combustibles - acacia trees were brought to this area. 
The perfect selfie…take a photo of you ‘pushing’ the mushroom to prevent its fall.

Solomon's Pillars

These majestic pillars are a natural part of the cliff wall. The pillars are a typical natural landscape and develop as a result of weathering along cracks that form in the hard red sandstone. The pillars are impressive in both height and appearance are named after King Solomon, whose discovery of Argaman [purple] cloth connects Timna to his time of reign. A temple of the miners who worshipped the Egyptian goddess Hathor (from the Egyptian era prior to the days of King David and King Solomon) was discovered at the site.

The Arches

Although their man-made appearance, the ‘Arches’ formations reveal the wonders of nature. For thousands of years strong winds have created sandstone ‘windows’, an extraordinary expression of nature’s creations, the landscape forms in the rock and especially the stone arches. Remains of the world’s most ancient copper mines were discovered at this site. Copper is the first metal that was mined, produced, and used by man. 
Are you an early riser? There is nothing like seeing the Arches, photographing them and taking a selfie inside them, at sunrise.

The Temple of Goddess Hathor

Hathor’s Temple provides proven evidence of the connection between Timna and Egypt. This  site, also known as the "Temple of the Miners", belongs to the 19th and 20th dynasties in Egypt (14th to 12th century B.C.E). The temple underwent several stages of destruction and construction and shows signs from the Egyptian and Midianite eras. The smooth surface of the ceiling in the rock cliff, north of the temple displays an Egyptian rock engraving depicting Ramesses III. The engraving is located at the top of the stairs above the temple itself, on one of the cliffs. If you would like to get an idea of the king's appearance, it is well-worth taking a look.

The Chariots

Impressive rock engravings from the 14th century to the 12th century B.C.E depicting chariots, people and a hunting scene, and an additional hunting engraving featuring figures of people and animals. Follow the short wooden path at the Chariots site, which leads to the engravings.

Spiral Hill

A sharp, tapered hill named due to the rock that diagonally envelopes it to reveal a screw-like formation. This is an example of the variety of natural formations and sculptures created as a result of weathering forces in different intensities and in different ways on the various rock layers laid on top of each other.

The Sphinx

Do you know the Egyptian Sphinx sculpture? Timna Park displays an equally impressive Sphinx. This rock is named due to its shape, reminiscent of the famous Sphinx statue located near the pyramids in Egypt. The Sphinx at Timna is not a man-made statue, but a natural creation produced by natural weathering forces on the sandstone rock.